Carotid Artery Disease

Carotid artery disease affects the vessels leading to the head and brain. Acquiring this disease is a risk factor for having a stroke.

Carotid disease generally doesn’t boast any symptoms. However, when blood flow to part of the brain is restricted, symptoms generally occur. If an individual is experiencing warning signs of a stroke, there is likely a blockage in the carotid arteries.

Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) are critical warning signs that an individual is at risk for having a stroke. TIAs are brief episodes of headaches, dizziness, tingling, numbness, blurred vision, confusion, or paralysis that can last anywhere from a few minutes to a couple of hours. It’s imperative that an individual see a doctor immediately if there are any signs of a TIA.

There are several risk factors for carotid artery disease.

These include:

• High levels of “bad” cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood
• High blood pressure
• Diabetes
• Smoking
• Family history of coronary artery disease or stroke
• Obesity
• Lack of exercise

Treatment options for carotid artery disease are dependent on the cause and severity of the disease. For atherosclerotic plaque, the most common treatments are:

• Lifestyle changes. The best changes are to quit smoking, control high blood pressure, limit the amount of alcohol you drink, and exercise.
• Medications. Certain medications that keep the blood from clotting—such as aspirin or anticoagulants—may be prescribed to prevent a stroke.
• Surgery. Having a carotid endarterectomy removes fatty plaque from arteries.

See your doctor to determine the best treatment plan for you.

Request an Appointment

One of 0ur staff will get in touch with you

Watch us on


Signup for latest news and promotions with ACCC